open category  specific category  certified category
Open  Specific  Certified 
"Buy and Fly"



Operational authorisation


Light UAV Certificate (LUC)

Rules equivalent to

manned aviation

Including automated flights  Including BVLOS and autonomous flights  Air Taxi's or Cargo over dense urban area

Low risk

No involvement of Aviation Authority

Limitations: visual line of sight, maximum

altitude, distance from airport and sensitive zones

Increased risk

Operations Authorisation with operations manual

Specific qualification of drone, personnel, equipment

based on safety assessment

Regulatory regime similar to manned aviation

EASA and Authority certificates